Itemized Deductions

Itemized deductions are captured on Schedule A as an alternative to taking the standard allowable deduction. To determine which is more favorable for your situation, it is often best to calculate your return both ways. Generally, if you own your own home you will itemize deductions. To help you gather and retain the correct records, a checklist is provided here for your use. While the list is not comprehensive, it is a good starting point. 
 

Medical & Dental Costs

Medical and Dental expenses are generally deductible to the extent they exceed 7.5 % of your income. Some of the more common expenses:

  • adoption
  • birth control Pills (prescribed)
  • doctor/dentist fees
  • drug/alcohol treatment
  • guide dog costs
  • handicap access devices for disabled
  • hospital fees
  • insurance premiums
  • prescriptions
  • laser eye surgery
  • lead based paint removal cost
  • life-care fees for medical treatment
  • long-term care insurance premium
  • meals/lodging related to hospital stays
  • medical devices
  • operations
  • organ donation
  • physician diet/health programs
  • school and/or home for disabled
  • smoking cessation program cost
  • special life item (glasses, limbs, dentures, wheelchairs, hearing aids, contacts
  • transportation (medical related
  • weight loss programs costs
 

Taxes

The following taxes are generally 100% deductible.
  • State/local taxes
  • Property taxes
  • Payments to mandatory state funds
  • Foreign income taxes
  • Real estate taxes
  • Value based auto license fee
  • General state/local sales tax*

*You may deduct either general state/local sales tax or state/local income tax. It is a good idea to save receipts substantiating major purchases involving sales tax.

 

Interest Expense

While most personal interest is no longer deductible (credit card interest, car loans, and the like); there are still interest expense deductions available to you.

  • Home mortgage interest
  • 2nd home mortgage interest
  • Home equity loan
  • Interest on special assessments (as real estate tax)
  • Business interest
  • Investment interest
  • “points” paid
 

Charitable Contributions (donating money or property)

Both cash and property are generally deductible if donated to qualified organizations. Qualified organizations include:

  • Churches
  • Non-profit schools
  • Non-profit hospitals
  • Public parks
  • Boy & girl scouts
  • War/veterans groups
  • Agencies such as: Red Cross, Salvation Army, Goodwill, CARE, United Way, etc.
  • YMCA/YWCA
  • Some environmental/conservation groups

Tax$aver Tip: All cash donations now require a bank record or receipt.

Tax$aver Tip: Make sure you also keep track of your mileage to and from the charity. It is also deductible.

Tax$aver Tip: Only donate your vehicle to a qualified charity that uses, improves, or sells the vehicle at full market value. If the charity sells your vehicle without using or improving the vehicle, your deduction is limited to the gross proceeds from the sale and not what could be a higher “fair market value”.

 

Casualty and Theft Losses

Casualty and Theft losses are generally deductible to the extent they exceed 10% of your adjusted gross income, are not reimbursable via insurance and each event exceeds $100.

  • Fire
  • Theft
  • Natural loss: tornado, hurricane, flood, etc.
  • Car accident
  • Vandalism
  • Other accidents
 

Miscellaneous Deductions

Most miscellaneous deductions are only deductible to the extent they exceed 2% of your adjusted gross income. Items with an “*” are usually not subject to the income threshold.

  • Gambling losses to offset gains*
  • Handicapped job related expenses*
  • Work uniforms
  • Un-recovered annuity costs*
  • Job hunting expenses
  • Safe deposit box cost
  • Tax prep fees
  • Employee business expenses
  • Hobby expenses to offset gains
  • 50% of business related meals; entertainment
  • Classroom material expense for teachers
  • Repayments of income*
  • Repayments of Social Security
  • Investment related expenses
  • In-home office expenses
  • IRA/KEOGH administration fees
  • Business use depreciation
  • Certain legal fees
  • Trust administrations fees
  • Job required medical exam
  • Job required education expenses
 

Non-Deductable Expenses

The following items are common non-deductible items:

  • Accidental damage
  • Blood donation
  • Club dues
  • Commuting expenses
  • Cosmetic surgery
  • Drought losses
  • Estate/gift taxes
  • Funeral expenses
  • Gifts to foreign organizations
  • Gifts to “for profit” groups
  • Gifts to individuals
  • Home repairs
  • Labor union donations
  • License fees
  • Life insurance premium
  • Lost property
  • Non-essential education
  • Non-health related: household help and health club dues
  • PAC donations
  • Political donations
  • Property assessments
  • Raffle tickets
  • Sales taxes (unless in lieu of state income taxes)
  • Social Security/Medicare
  • Tax penalties
  • Termite/insect damage
  • Tickets and fines
 

Tax Savings Tips

Tax$aver Tip #1: Expense Shifting

Whenever possible shift expenses into categories of itemized deductions to surpass the IRS thresholds in a given year.

Example: You have surgery during the year resulting in high medical costs for that year. The IRS 7.5% of income threshold is surpassed, so every incremental Medical and Dental expense is now deductible. If possible, now is a good time to get eyes checked, to get family physicals, and to get other medical and dental work completed. Next year you will again have to reach the 7.5 % threshold before you can deduct the expense.

Tax$aver Tip #2: Miles, Miles, Miles

Capture all your mileage for business travel, charitable travel, and medical travel. Keep a log book in your car and note the miles to and from the doctor or dentist. Track the miles to drop off charitable donations, or to go to and from your charity. This area of deductible expense is often not taken or is poorly captured.

Tax$aver Tip #3: Missing a few things

What is deductible? What is not? When in doubt, save the canceled check, the proof of payment, and receipt. Without the proof, the expense cannot be taken.

Tax$aver Tip $4: Non-cash donations

How many times have you dropped off a bag of clothes and not kept a record of the gift? All of these donations that are in good or better condition are deductible. Keep a list of items you plan to give away. Put the list next to or inside the bag of items you plan to drop off. The required itemization of items donated can be prepared when the bag is ready to be dropped off at your favorite charity.

Tax$aver Tip #5: Donation Traps

You must now have a bank statement, cancelled check or receipt for all cash donations. So, write checks to your church versus cash in the collection plate. Send in a check to the Salvation Army or favorite charity instead of putting cash in the kettle.

Should you have any questions or concerns regarding your situation please call.